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UNIT 10 – NATURE IN DANGER – Tiếng anh lớp 11 – Tài liệu cô Cẩm Nhung

 

UNIT 10          NATURE IN DANGER

I.              Circle the word with the underlined letter(s) pronounced differently from that of the others.

1.     chemical        discharge       change                  feature

2.     nature              nation            suggestion            situation

3.     scatter             panda             capture                   devastate

4.     danger             village            tiger                      origin

5.     supply            dirty               energy                   happy

6.     swallow           switch             sweet                    sword

7.     wild                  prohibit        environment           survive,

8.     danger             race                discharge              maintenance

9.     supply             survive           industry                  agriculture

10.  scenic             extinct            decrease               coexist

II.            Complete these sentences with the correct form of the verb in the box.

endanger       scatter      coexist          pollute      devastate

discharge       prohibit     survive          protect     capture

1.     Many birds didn’t survive the severe winter.

2.     Animals shouldn’t be captured for recreation arid entertainment.

3.     The health of our children are being endangered by exhaust fumes.

4.     The factory was fined for discharging chemicals into the river.

5.     The explosion scattered a flock of birds roosting in the trees.

6.     Laws have been introduced to prohibit killing endangered animals,

7.     The air in the city is heavily polluted with traffic fumes.

8.     The government should do more to protect the environment.

9.     It is possible for local wildlife to coexist with industry.

10.  Western India was devastated by a huge earthquake.

III.           Choose the word or phrase that best completes the sentences.

1.     The panda’s ______ habitat is the bamboo forest.

a. nature          b. natural       c. naturalized d. naturally

2.     Learners can feel very ______ if an exercise is too difficult.

a. courageous      b. encouraging   c. discouraged  d. discouragingly

3.     The ______ friendly products are designed not to harm the natural environment.

a. environment                              b. environmental

c. environmentally                d. environmentalism

4.     The waste from the chemical factory is extremely ______.

a. harm            b. harmful             c. unharmed    d. harmless

5.     People are destroying the air by adding ______ to it.

a. pollutants    b. polluters            c. pollution     d. polluted

6.     14 per cent of primate species are highly ______.

a. danger         b. dangerous        c. endanger    d. endangered

7.     The ______ of old buildings should be taken into consideration.

a. preserve       b. preservation      c. preservative    d. preserves

8.     You have to be aware of the damage humans are doing to quicken the ______ of wildlife.

a. extinct          b. extinctive           c. extinctions d. extinction

9.     Animal ______ supporters gathered to protest’ against hunting.

a. protect         b. protection        c. protective   d. protectionist

10.  The main threat to the ______ of these creatures comes from their loss of habitat.

a. survive         b. survivor      c. survival      d. survivable

IV.           Join the sentence halves using which or whom after an appropriate preposition.

the furniture is to be delivered.             you should be aware.

I had great respect.                             I look up.

most world trade was conducted.                the printer was supplied.

she was divorced in 1995.                   it was named.

we went on holiday.                              it was primarily written.

1.     My English teacher, Mrs Brookes, was someone for whom I had great respect.

2.     Until 1914 the pound sterling was the currency in/ with which most world trade was conducted.

3.     They have changed the date on/ by which the furniture is to be delivered.

4.     Pasteurisation was discovered by the French chemist Louis Pasteur, after whom it was named.

5.     There are a number of safety procedures of which you should be aware.

6.     Details are in the instruction manual with which the printer was supplied.

7.     Ms. Peters was left the money by her former husband, from whom she was divorced in 1995.

8.     She is one of the few people to whom I look up.

9.     This is a photograph of our friends with whom we went on holiday.

10.  The book is enjoyed by adults as well as children, for whom it was primarily written.

V.            How would you express the sentences you have written above in a less formal way, putting the preposition at the end of the relative clause?

1.      My English teacher, Mrs Brookes, was someone who/ that/ Ø I had great respect for.

2.      Until 1914 the pound sterling was the currency which/that most world trade was conducted in.

3.      They have changed the date which/ that/Ø the furniture is to be delivered on/ by.

4.      Pasteurisation was discovered by the French chemist Louis Pasteur, who it was named after.

5.      There are a number of safety procedures which/ that/ Ø you should be aware of.

6.      Details are in the instruction manual which/ that/ Ø the printer was supplied with.

7.      Ms Peters was left the money by her former husband, who she was divorced from in 1995.

8.      She is one of the few people who I look up to.

9.      This is a photograph of our friends who(m)/ that we went on holiday with.

10.    The book is enjoyed by adults as well as children, who it was primarily written for.

VI.           Combine the, following pairs or groups of sentences by means of relative pronouns, making any changes necessary.

1.     Her many friends gave her encouragement. I like to be considered among them.

Her many friends, among whom I like to be considered, gave her encouragement.

2.     Her father died last year. She looked after him for over twenty years.

Her father, who she looked after for over twenty years, died last year.

3.     The bed has no mattress. I sleep on this bed.

The bed (which/that) I sleep on has no mattress./ The bed on which I sleep has no mattress

4.     There wasn’t any directory in the telephone box. I was phoning from this box.

There wasn’t any directory in the telephone box, (which/that) I was phoning from.

5.     I was sitting on a chair. It suddenly collapsed.

The chair (which/that) I was sitting on suddenly collapsed./ The chair on which I was sitting suddenly collapsed.

6.     Mr Smith said he was too busy to speak to me. I had come specially to see him.

Mr Smith, whom I had come specially to see, was too busy to speak to me.

7.     I saw several houses. Most of them were quite unsuitable.

I saw several houses, most of which were quite unsuitable.

8.     Graham took us to his office. It was filled with books.

The office (that/which) Graham took us to was filled with books.

9.     Mr Marks is unhappy about the plans for the new dam. The stream flows across his farm.

Mr Marks, whose farm the stream flows across, is unhappy about the plans for the new dam./ Mr Marks, across whose farm the stream flows,…

10.  They picked up five boat-loads of refugees. Some of them had been at sea for several months.

They picked up five boat-loads of refugees, some of which had been at sea for several months.

11.  Tom came to the party in patched jeans. This surprised the other guests. Most of the other guests were wearing evening dress.

Tom came to the party in patched jeans, which surprised the other guests, most of whom were wearing evening dress.

12.  The people didn’t know French. He was speaking to these people.

The people (who(m)/ that) he was speaking to didn’t know French./ The people to whom he was speaking didn’t know French.

13.  Mr Jones was very generous about overtime payments. I was working for him.

Mr Jones, who(m) I was working for, was very generous about overtime payments./ Mr Jones, for whom I was working, was very generous …

14.  The Roman coins are now on display in the National Museum. A local farmer came across them in a field.

The Roman coins, which a local farmer came across in a field, are now on display in the National Museum.

15.  Professor Johnson is to visit the University next week. I have long looked up to him

Professor Johnson, who(m) I have long looked up to, is to visit the University next week.! Professor Johnson, to whom I have long looked up….

VII.         Suggest corrections or improvements to these sentences or write ü if they are already correct.

1.     The playground wasn’t used by the children for who it was built. (whom)

2.     The house into which the thieves broke is owned by Peter Brown. (which the thieves broke into)

3.     The building from that Mr Marcus emerged was little more than a ruin. (which)

4.     The party, to which I’ve been looking forward all week, is at Mary’s house. (which I’ve been looking forward to)

5.     The water that she fell into was freezing cold. ü

6.     The college is home to 30 students from Nepal, almost all of who are studying economics. (whom)

7.     I have heard her on the violin and clarinet, both which she plays extremely well. (both of which)

8.     It was the perfect tree under that to sit on a hot, sunny day. (which)

9.     The film was made at Tulloch Castle, part of it dates back to 1466. (which)

10.  A huge amount of oil was spilled, the effects of which are still being felt. ü

VIII.        Complete each of the sentences with an appropriate preposition.

1.     A number of rare animals are now in danger of extinction.

2.     If people’s interference in the environment decreases, more species will survive and produce off-spring.

3.     The government should do more to protect rare animals from being extinct.

4.     She believes there is life on other planets.

5.     The EU has imposed a ban on the import of seal skins.

6.     People are destroying the air by adding pollutants to it.

7.     Human beings are responsible for the changes in the environment.

8.     They are changing weather conditions by cutting down trees in the forests.

9.     National parks should be set up to save animals and plants.

10.  Raw sewage was discharged from the treatment plant directly into the river.

IX.           Write a passage about the tropical rainforest, using the cues given.

The tropical rainforests/ a delight/ people/ love nature. The forests/ beautiful woodlands/ receive/ plenty of rain.

Nowadays/ tropical rainforests/ danger/ extinction. Each year/ millions of acres/ rainforests/ clear/ make way/ population growth/ agriculture. This/ result/ the destruction/ millions of plants. This destruction/ cause/ some types of animals/ lose/ their natural habitat. Because/ this/ many species/ plants/ animals/ become/ extinct.

It/ important/ us/ save/ the tropical rainforests. Once/ tropical rainforest/ destroy/ it/ take/ hundreds of years/ before/ the forest/ re-establish.

The tropical rainforests are a delight to people who love nature. The forests are beautiful woodlands which receive plenty of rain.

Nowadays, tropical rainforests are in danger of extinction. Each year millions of acres of rainforests are cleared to make way for population growth and agriculture. This results in the destruction of millions of plants. In turn, this destruction causes some types of animals to lose their natural habitat. Because of this, many species of plants and animals are becoming extinct.

It is important for us to save the tropical rainforests. Once a tropical rainforest is destroyed, it will take hundreds of years before the forest can be re-established

KEY

UNIT 10          NATURE IN DANGER

II.            Circle the word with the underlined letter(s) pronounced differently from that of the others.

11.  chemical        discharge       change                  feature

12.  nature              nation            suggestion            situation

13.  scatter             panda             capture                   devastate

14.  danger             village            tiger                      origin

15.  supply            dirty               energy                   happy

16.  swallow           switch             sweet                    sword

17.  wild                  prohibit        environment           survive,

18.  danger             race                discharge              maintenance

19.  supply             survive           industry                  agriculture

20.  scenic             extinct            decrease               coexist

X.            Complete these sentences with the correct form of the verb in the box.

endanger       scatter      coexist          pollute      devastate

discharge       prohibit     survive          protect     capture

11.  Many birds didn’t survive the severe winter.

12.  Animals shouldn’t be captured for recreation arid entertainment.

13.  The health of our children are being endangered by exhaust fumes.

14.  The factory was fined for discharging chemicals into the river.

15.  The explosion scattered a flock of birds roosting in the trees.

16.  Laws have been introduced to prohibit killing endangered animals,

17.  The air in the city is heavily polluted with traffic fumes.

18.  The government should do more to protect the environment.

19.  It is possible for local wildlife to coexist with industry.

20.  Western India was devastated by a huge earthquake.

XI.           Choose the word or phrase that best completes the sentences.

11.  The panda’s ______ habitat is the bamboo forest.

a. nature          b. natural       c. naturalized d. naturally

12.  Learners can feel very ______ if an exercise is too difficult.

a. courageous      b. encouraging   c. discouraged  d. discouragingly

13.  The ______ friendly products are designed not to harm the natural environment.

a. environment                              b. environmental

c. environmentally                d. environmentalism

14.  The waste from the chemical factory is extremely ______.

a. harm            b. harmful             c. unharmed    d. harmless

15.  People are destroying the air by adding ______ to it.

a. pollutants    b. polluters            c. pollution     d. polluted

16.  14 per cent of primate species are highly ______.

a. danger         b. dangerous        c. endanger    d. endangered

17.  The ______ of old buildings should be taken into consideration.

a. preserve       b. preservation      c. preservative    d. preserves

18.  You have to be aware of the damage humans are doing to quicken the ______ of wildlife.

a. extinct          b. extinctive           c. extinctions d. extinction

19.  Animal ______ supporters gathered to protest’ against hunting.

a. protect         b. protection        c. protective   d. protectionist

20.  The main threat to the ______ of these creatures comes from their loss of habitat.

a. survive         b. survivor      c. survival      d. survivable

XII.         Join the sentence halves using which or whom after an appropriate preposition.

the furniture is to be delivered.             you should be aware.

I had great respect.                             I look up.

most world trade was conducted.                the printer was supplied.

she was divorced in 1995.                   it was named.

we went on holiday.                              it was primarily written.

11.  My English teacher, Mrs Brookes, was someone for whom I had great respect.

12.  Until 1914 the pound sterling was the currency in/ with which most world trade was conducted.

13.  They have changed the date on/ by which the furniture is to be delivered.

14.  Pasteurisation was discovered by the French chemist Louis Pasteur, after whom it was named.

15.  There are a number of safety procedures of which you should be aware.

16.  Details are in the instruction manual with which the printer was supplied.

17.  Ms. Peters was left the money by her former husband, from whom she was divorced in 1995.

18.  She is one of the few people to whom I look up.

19.  This is a photograph of our friends with whom we went on holiday.

20.  The book is enjoyed by adults as well as children, for whom it was primarily written.

XIII.        How would you express the sentences you have written above in a less formal way, putting the preposition at the end of the relative clause?

11.    My English teacher, Mrs Brookes, was someone who/ that/ Ø I had great respect for.

12.    Until 1914 the pound sterling was the currency which/that most world trade was conducted in.

13.    They have changed the date which/ that/Ø the furniture is to be delivered on/ by.

14.    Pasteurisation was discovered by the French chemist Louis Pasteur, who it was named after.

15.    There are a number of safety procedures which/ that/ Ø you should be aware of.

16.    Details are in the instruction manual which/ that/ Ø the printer was supplied with.

17.    Ms Peters was left the money by her former husband, who she was divorced from in 1995.

18.    She is one of the few people who I look up to.

19.    This is a photograph of our friends who(m)/ that we went on holiday with.

20.    The book is enjoyed by adults as well as children, who it was primarily written for.

XIV.        Combine the, following pairs or groups of sentences by means of relative pronouns, making any changes necessary.

16.  Her many friends gave her encouragement. I like to be considered among them.

Her many friends, among whom I like to be considered, gave her encouragement.

17.  Her father died last year. She looked after him for over twenty years.

Her father, who she looked after for over twenty years, died last year.

18.  The bed has no mattress. I sleep on this bed.

The bed (which/that) I sleep on has no mattress./ The bed on which I sleep has no mattress

19.  There wasn’t any directory in the telephone box. I was phoning from this box.

There wasn’t any directory in the telephone box, (which/that) I was phoning from.

20.  I was sitting on a chair. It suddenly collapsed.

The chair (which/that) I was sitting on suddenly collapsed./ The chair on which I was sitting suddenly collapsed.

21.  Mr Smith said he was too busy to speak to me. I had come specially to see him.

Mr Smith, whom I had come specially to see, was too busy to speak to me.

22.  I saw several houses. Most of them were quite unsuitable.

I saw several houses, most of which were quite unsuitable.

23.  Graham took us to his office. It was filled with books.

The office (that/which) Graham took us to was filled with books.

24.  Mr Marks is unhappy about the plans for the new dam. The stream flows across his farm.

Mr Marks, whose farm the stream flows across, is unhappy about the plans for the new dam./ Mr Marks, across whose farm the stream flows,…

25.  They picked up five boat-loads of refugees. Some of them had been at sea for several months.

They picked up five boat-loads of refugees, some of which had been at sea for several months.

26.  Tom came to the party in patched jeans. This surprised the other guests. Most of the other guests were wearing evening dress.

Tom came to the party in patched jeans, which surprised the other guests, most of whom were wearing evening dress.

27.  The people didn’t know French. He was speaking to these people.

The people (who(m)/ that) he was speaking to didn’t know French./ The people to whom he was speaking didn’t know French.

28.  Mr Jones was very generous about overtime payments. I was working for him.

Mr Jones, who(m) I was working for, was very generous about overtime payments./ Mr Jones, for whom I was working, was very generous …

29.  The Roman coins are now on display in the National Museum. A local farmer came across them in a field.

The Roman coins, which a local farmer came across in a field, are now on display in the National Museum.

30.  Professor Johnson is to visit the University next week. I have long looked up to him

Professor Johnson, who(m) I have long looked up to, is to visit the University next week.! Professor Johnson, to whom I have long looked up….

XV.         Suggest corrections or improvements to these sentences or write ü if they are already correct.

11.  The playground wasn’t used by the children for who it was built. (whom)

12.  The house into which the thieves broke is owned by Peter Brown. (which the thieves broke into)

13.  The building from that Mr Marcus emerged was little more than a ruin. (which)

14.  The party, to which I’ve been looking forward all week, is at Mary’s house. (which I’ve been looking forward to)

15.  The water that she fell into was freezing cold. ü

16.  The college is home to 30 students from Nepal, almost all of who are studying economics. (whom)

17.  I have heard her on the violin and clarinet, both which she plays extremely well. (both of which)

18.  It was the perfect tree under that to sit on a hot, sunny day. (which)

19.  The film was made at Tulloch Cast le, part of it dates back to 1466. (which)

20.  A huge amount of oil was spilled, the effects of which are still being felt. ü

XVI.        Complete each of the sentences with an appropriate preposition.

11.  A number of rare animals are now in danger of extinction.

12.  If people’s interference in the environment decreases, more species will survive and produce off-spring.

13.  The government should do more to protect rare animals from being extinct.

14.  She believes there is life on other planets.

15.  The EU has imposed a ban on the import of seal skins.

16.  People are destroying the air by adding pollutants to it.

17.  Human beings are responsible for the changes in the environment.

18.  They are changing weather conditions by cutting down trees in the forests.

19.  National parks should be set up to save animals and plants.

20.  Raw sewage was discharged from the treatment plant directly into the river.

XVII.      Write a passage about the tropical rainforest, using the cues given.

The tropical rainforests/ a delight/ people/ love nature. The forests/ beautiful woodlands/ receive/ plenty of rain.

Nowadays/ tropical rainforests/ danger/ extinction. Each year/ millions of acres/ rainforests/ clear/ make way/ population growth/ agriculture. This/ result/ the destruction/ millions of plants. This destruction/ cause/ some types of animals/ lose/ their natural habitat. Because/ this/ many species/ plants/ animals/ become/ extinct.

It/ important/ us/ save/ the tropical rainforests. Once/ tropical rainforest/ destroy/ it/ take/ hundreds of years/ before/ the forest/ re-establish.

The tropical rainforests are a delight to people who love nature. The forests are beautiful woodlands which receive plenty of rain.

Nowadays, tropical rainforests are in danger of extinction. Each year millions of acres of rainforests are cleared to make way for population growth and agriculture. This results in the destruction of millions of plants. In turn, this destruction causes some types of animals to lose their natural habitat. Because of this, many species of plants and animals are becoming extinct.

It is important for us to save the tropical rainforests. Once a tropical rainforest is destroyed, it will take hundreds of years before the forest can be re-established

 

 

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